“There thou liest, O Rock of the Mass, most splendid of Ireland’s treasures:
an imperishable monument, telling of Ireland’s sorrow and of Ireland’s glory!
For thou, O holy Rock of the Mass, art the Calvary of Ireland.”
(W.J. Lockington, S.J., The Soul of Ireland)
Elena Maria Vidal has an excellent entry entitled “Mass Rocks and Hedge Schools.” My Grandmother Kirby told me about the Hedge Schools when I was a boy. She, being at school in Kiltoghert, Co. Leitrim, Ireland, circa 1909, attended Irish language classes after official school hours. The transmission of Irish culture and language was still, at that time, a non-official and “private” endeavour.