The Confessor: An Active Instrument of Divine Mercy

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On Monday, 19 February 2007 His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI addressed the Confessors who serve in the four major basilicas of Rome. At the same time, he spoke to "all the priests of the world who dedicate themselves to the ministry of the confessional." My own experience here in Rome is that people do come to confession whenever a priest makes himself available by sitting in the confessional. Time spent waiting for penitents in the confessional is not lost time. It is a means of entering into the eternal patience and mercy of the Crucified who waits for souls to approach His glorious wounds and to yield to His merciful embrace. Besides, one can always use the time praying the rosary for sinners.


The Ministry of the Confessional

. . . I wish to extend a cordial thought to all the priests of the world who dedicate themselves with commitment to the ministry of the confessional.

A Wonderful Event of Grace

The Sacrament of Penance, which has such importance in the Christian life, renders present the redemptive efficacy of Christ's Paschal Mystery. In imparting absolution, pronounced in the name and on behalf of the Church, the confessor becomes the conscious means of a wonderful event of grace.

Minister of the Consoling Mercy of God

With docile compliance to the Magisterium of the Church, he makes himself minister of the consoling mercy of God, he draws attention to the reality of sin, and at the same time he manifests the boundless renewing power of divine love, love that gives back life.

Through the Words and Gestures of the Priest

Therefore, confession becomes a spiritual rebirth that transforms the penitent into a new creature. Only God's grace can work this miracle, and it is accomplished through the words and gestures of the priest.

By experiencing the tenderness and pardon of the Lord, the penitent is more easily led to acknowledge the gravity of sin, is more resolved to avoid it in order to remain and grow in renewed friendship with him.

Persona Dramatis

In this mysterious process of interior renewal the confessor is not a passive spectator, but persona dramatis, that is, an active instrument of divine mercy. Therefore, it is necessary that to a good spiritual and pastoral sensibility he unites a serious theological, moral and pedagogical preparation that enables him to understand the life of the person.


Furthermore, it is very useful for him to know the social, cultural and professional environment of those who approach the confessional in order to be able to offer appropriate advice and spiritual practices and orientations.

May the priest not forget that in this Sacrament he is called to take on the role of father, spiritual guide, teacher and educator. This demands constant updating: this is also the aim of the so-called "internal forum" promoted by the Apostolic Penitentiary.

Prayerful Contact With Christ

Dear priests, your ministry bears above all a spiritual character. To human wisdom, to theological preparation, therefore, one must add a profound spiritual disposition, nourished by prayerful contact with Christ, Master and Redeemer.

In Persona Christi

In virtue of presbyteral ordination, in fact, the confessor carries out a particular service "in persona Christi", with a fullness of human gifts that are strengthened by grace.
His model is Jesus, the One sent by the Father: the source from which to draw abundantly is the vivifying breath of the Holy Spirit. Before such a lofty responsibility human strength is surely inadequate, but the humble and faithful adherence to the salvific design of Christ renders us, dear brothers, witnesses of the universal Redemption worked by him, putting into effect the admonition of St Paul who says: "God was in Christ reconciling the world to himself... and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation" (2 Cor 5:19).

The Most Complete Communication of Merciful Love

To fulfil such a duty we must, above all, root this message of salvation in ourselves and let it transform us deeply. We cannot preach pardon and reconciliation to others if we are not personally penetrated by it. As it is true that in our ministry there are various ways and instruments to communicate the merciful love of God to our brethren, it is, however, in the celebration of this Sacrament that we can do it in the most complete and eminent way.

Give Priority to the Service of the Confessional

Christ has chosen us, dear priests, to be the only ones to be able to pardon sins in his Name: it concerns, then, a specific ecclesial service to which we must give priority.
How many people in difficulty seek the comfort and consolation of Christ! How many penitents find in confession the peace and joy that they sought for so long! How can one not recognize also in our age, marked by so many religious and social challenges, that this Sacrament also be rediscovered and proposed anew?

The Example of the Saints

Dear brothers, let us follow the example of the saints, in particular those who, like you, were almost exclusively dedicated to the ministry of the confessional. Among them are Saint Jean-Marie Vianney, Saint Leopold Mandic, and closer to us, Saint Pio of Pietrelcina. May they help you from heaven to be able to dispense abundantly the mercy and pardon of Christ.

Mary, Refuge of Sinners

May Mary, Refuge of Sinners, obtain for you the strength, encouragement and hope to continue generously your indispensable mission. I assure you of my heartfelt prayer, while with affection I bless you all.


Dear Father Mark, O.Cist.:
In 1929 Fr. Vernon Johnson converted from Anglicanism. In a letter to Mother Agnes of the Lisieux Carmel he wrote that he had never known such peace and security as he possessed since his conversion. The Story of a Soul was like Holy Scripture for him. Anglicanism had no value for suffering. He now saw that when we unite our sufferings to the Passion of Christ, they may become divine and efficacious for ourselves and others.
Now, I have just read a book by Pere Marie-Eugene, OCD, a highly esteemed Carmelite. He says that Therese rejected extraordinary mortifications as useless asceticism (even a source of pride)and found the ordinary tasks of daily life as the path to sanctity. What surprises me is that Pere Marie Eugene does not even mention suffering. Evidently he equates it with asceticism. But I was astonished when Pere Marie-Eugene stated that mystical experience in the light of Vatican II was no longer for the few but for all.
My reading of the Protestant theologian Peter Taylor Forsyth convinced me that God's holiness can never be separated from his love. It seems to me that reparation (to Fr. Vernon and to me) the most rewarding doctrine of the Church has been tossed overboard in the wake of Vatican II. Your friend Msgr. Arthur Calkins is a blessed exception. In 1966 Paul VI invited the Jesuits at their 31st General Congregation to discuss the relevance of the miracle of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque to the dialogue with atheism and the renewal of the Jesuits. (Vide Pere Edouard Glotin's article on St. Margaret Mary in the New Diccionario HIstorico SJ).
I am reading a very rare book, Pere Jean Lyonnard, SJ: The Apostleship of Suffering (trans. by Lady Elizabeth Herbert of Lea, 1870). Pere Lyonnard knows whereof he writes and he says nothing of any extraordinary mortifications. The ordinary sufferings which come to all of us are sufficient for his meditation. There is a whole literature now which distorts the teaching of St. Therese removing all reference to suffering and reparation and speaking only of love and mercy. I fear that much of it is motivated by a misguided ecumenism. Is Colossians 1:24 now to be interpreted in a strict Protestant sense? Kind regards, Anthony Sistrom (Eureka, California)

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About Dom Mark

Dom Mark Daniel Kirby is Conventual Prior of Silverstream Priory in Stamullen, County Meath, Ireland. The ecclesial mandate of his Benedictine community is the adoration of the Most Holy Sacrament of the Altar in a spirit of reparation, and in intercession for the sanctification of priests.

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